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js-常用的js工具函数

js-常用的js工具函数

整理一下前端开发中常用的工具方法,有了这些工具函数就可以高效的处理任务和信息了。

1.邮箱

export const isEmail = (s) => {
    return /^([a-zA-Z0-9_-])+@([a-zA-Z0-9_-])+((.[a-zA-Z0-9_-]{2,3}){1,2})$/.test(s)
}

2.手机号码

export const isMobile = (s) => {
    return /^1[0-9]{10}$/.test(s)
}

3.电话号码

export const isPhone = (s) => {
    return /^([0-9]{3,4}-)?[0-9]{7,8}$/.test(s)
}

4.是否为url地址

export const isURL = (s) => {
    return /^http[s]?:\/\/.*/.test(s)
}

5.是否字符串

export const isString = (o) => {
    return Object.prototype.toString.call(o).slice(8, -1) === 'String'
}

6.是否数字

export const isNumber = (o) => {
    return Object.prototype.toString.call(o).slice(8, -1) === 'Number'
}

7.是否为boolean

export const isBoolean = (o) => {
    return Object.prototype.toString.call(o).slice(8, -1) === 'Boolean'
}

8.是否为函数

export const isFunction = (o) => {
    return Object.prototype.toString.call(o).slice(8, -1) === 'Function'
}

9.是否为null

export const isNull = (o) => {
    return Object.prototype.toString.call(o).slice(8, -1) === 'Null'
}

10.是否为undefined

export const isUndefined = (o) => {
    return Object.prototype.toString.call(o).slice(8, -1) === 'Undefined'
}

11.是否为对象

export const isObj = (o) => {
    return Object.prototype.toString.call(o).slice(8, -1) === 'Object'
}

12.是否为数组

export const isArray = (o) => {
    return Object.prototype.toString.call(o).slice(8, -1) === 'Array'
}

13.是否为时间

export const isDate = (o) => {
    return Object.prototype.toString.call(o).slice(8, -1) === 'Date'
}

14.是否为正则

export const isRegExp = (o) => {
    return Object.prototype.toString.call(o).slice(8, -1) === 'RegExp'
}

15.是否为错误对象

export const isError = (o) => {
    return Object.prototype.toString.call(o).slice(8, -1) === 'Error'
}

16.是否为Symbol函数

export const isSymbol = (o) => {
    return Object.prototype.toString.call(o).slice(8, -1) === 'Symbol'
}

17.是否为Promise对象

export const isPromise = (o) => {
    return Object.prototype.toString.call(o).slice(8, -1) === 'Promise'
}

18.是否为Set对象

export const isSet = (o) => {    
    return Object.prototype.toString.call(o).slice(8, -1) === 'Set' 
} 

19.是否是微信浏览器

export const isWeiXin = () => {
    return (navigator.userAgent.toLowerCase()).match(/microMessenger/i) == 'micromessenger'
}

20.是否为移动端

export const isDeviceMobile = () => {
    return /android|webos|iphone|ipod|balckberry/i.test(ua)
}

21.是否是QQ浏览器

export const isQQBrowser = () => {
    return !!ua.match(/mqqbrowser|qzone|qqbrowser|qbwebviewtype/i)
}

22.是否为ios

export const isIos = () => {
  var u = navigator.userAgent;
  if (u.indexOf('Android') > -1 || u.indexOf('Linux') > -1) {  
    // 安卓手机
    return false
  } else if (u.indexOf('iPhone') > -1) {
    // 苹果手机
    return true
  } else if (u.indexOf('iPad') > -1) { 
    // iPad
    return false
  } else if (u.indexOf('Windows Phone') > -1) {
    //winphone手机
    return false
  } else {
    return false
  }
}

23.是否为PC端

export const isPC = () => {
  var userAgentInfo = navigator.userAgent;
  var Agents = ["Android", "iPhone",
    "SymbianOS", "Windows Phone",
    "iPad", "iPod"];
  var flag = true;
  for (var v = 0; v < Agents.length; v++) {
    if (userAgentInfo.indexOf(Agents[v]) > 0) {
      flag = false;
      break;
    }
  }
  return flag;
}

24.去除html标签

export const removeHtmltag = (str) => {
    return str.replace(/<[^>]+>/g, '')
}

25.获取url参数

export const getQueryString = (name) => {
  const reg = new RegExp('(^|&)' + name + '=([^&]*)(&|$)', 'i');
  const search = window.location.search.split('?')[1] || '';
  const r = search.match(reg) || [];
  return r[2];
}

26.动态引入js

export const injectScript = (src) => {
  const s = document.createElement('script');
  s.type = 'text/javascript';
  s.async = true;
  s.src = src;
  const t = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0];
  t.parentNode.insertBefore(s, t);
}

27.根据url地址下载

export const download = (url) => {
  var isChrome = navigator.userAgent.toLowerCase().indexOf('chrome') > -1;
  var isSafari = navigator.userAgent.toLowerCase().indexOf('safari') > -1;
  if (isChrome || isSafari) {
    var link = document.createElement('a');
    link.href = url;
    if (link.download !== undefined) {
      var fileName = url.substring(url.lastIndexOf('/') + 1, url.length);
      link.download = fileName;
    }
    if (document.createEvent) {
      var e = document.createEvent('MouseEvents');
      e.initEvent('click', true, true);
      link.dispatchEvent(e);
      return true;
    }
  }
  if (url.indexOf('?') === -1) {
    url += '?download';
  }
  window.open(url, '_self');
  return true;
}

28.el是否包含某个class

export const hasClass = (el, className) => {
  let reg = new RegExp('(^|\\s)' + className + '(\\s|$)')
  return reg.test(el.className)
}

29.el添加某个class

export const addClass = (el, className) => {
  if (hasClass(el, className)) {
    return
  }
  let newClass = el.className.split(' ')
  newClass.push(className)
  el.className = newClass.join(' ')
}

30.el去除某个class

export const removeClass = (el, className) => {
  if (!hasClass(el, className)) {
    return
  }
  let reg = new RegExp('(^|\\s)' + className + '(\\s|$)', 'g')
  el.className = el.className.replace(reg, ' ')
}

31.获取滚动的坐标

export const getScrollPosition = (el = window) => ({
  x: el.pageXOffset !== undefined ? el.pageXOffset : el.scrollLeft,
  y: el.pageYOffset !== undefined ? el.pageYOffset : el.scrollTop
});

32.滚动到顶部

export const scrollToTop = () => {
  const c = document.documentElement.scrollTop || document.body.scrollTop;
  if (c > 0) {
    window.requestAnimationFrame(scrollToTop);
    window.scrollTo(0, c - c / 8);
  }
}

33.el是否在视口范围内

export const elementIsVisibleInViewport = (el, partiallyVisible = false) => {
  const { top, left, bottom, right } = el.getBoundingClientRect();
  const { innerHeight, innerWidth } = window;
  return partiallyVisible
    ? ((top > 0 && top < innerHeight) || (bottom > 0 && bottom < innerHeight)) &&
    ((left > 0 && left < innerWidth) || (right > 0 && right < innerWidth))
    : top >= 0 && left >= 0 && bottom <= innerHeight && right <= innerWidth;
}

34.洗牌算法随机

export const shuffle = (arr) => {
  var result = [],
    random;
  while (arr.length > 0) {
    random = Math.floor(Math.random() * arr.length);
    result.push(arr[random])
    arr.splice(random, 1)
  }
  return result;
}

35.劫持粘贴板

export const copyTextToClipboard = (value) => {
  var textArea = document.createElement("textarea");
  textArea.style.background = 'transparent';
  textArea.value = value;
  document.body.appendChild(textArea);
  textArea.select();
  try {
    var successful = document.execCommand('copy');
  } catch (err) {
    console.log('Oops, unable to copy');
  }
  document.body.removeChild(textArea);
}

36.判断类型集合

export const checkStr = (str, type) => {
  switch (type) {
    case 'phone':   //手机号码
      return /^1[3|4|5|6|7|8|9][0-9]{9}$/.test(str);
    case 'tel':     //座机
      return /^(0\d{2,3}-\d{7,8})(-\d{1,4})?$/.test(str);
    case 'card':    //身份证
      return /(^\d{15}$)|(^\d{18}$)|(^\d{17}(\d|X|x)$)/.test(str);
    case 'pwd':     //密码以字母开头,长度在6~18之间,只能包含字母、数字和下划线
      return /^[a-zA-Z]\w{5,17}$/.test(str)
    case 'postal':  //邮政编码
      return /[1-9]\d{5}(?!\d)/.test(str);
    case 'QQ':      //QQ号
      return /^[1-9][0-9]{4,9}$/.test(str);
    case 'email':   //邮箱
      return /^[\w-]+(\.[\w-]+)*@[\w-]+(\.[\w-]+)+$/.test(str);
    case 'money':   //金额(小数点2位)
      return /^\d*(?:\.\d{0,2})?$/.test(str);
    case 'URL':     //网址
      return /(http|ftp|https):\/\/[\w\-_]+(\.[\w\-_]+)+([\w\-\.,@?^=%&:/~\+#]*[\w\-\@?^=%&/~\+#])?/.test(str)
    case 'IP':      //IP
      return /((?:(?:25[0-5]|2[0-4]\\d|[01]?\\d?\\d)\\.){3}(?:25[0-5]|2[0-4]\\d|[01]?\\d?\\d))/.test(str);
    case 'date':    //日期时间
      return /^(\d{4})\-(\d{2})\-(\d{2}) (\d{2})(?:\:\d{2}|:(\d{2}):(\d{2}))$/.test(str) || /^(\d{4})\-(\d{2})\-(\d{2})$/.test(str)
    case 'number':  //数字
      return /^[0-9]$/.test(str);
    case 'english': //英文
      return /^[a-zA-Z]+$/.test(str);
    case 'chinese': //中文
      return /^[\\u4E00-\\u9FA5]+$/.test(str);
    case 'lower':   //小写
      return /^[a-z]+$/.test(str);
    case 'upper':   //大写
      return /^[A-Z]+$/.test(str);
    case 'HTML':    //HTML标记
      return /<("[^"]*"|'[^']*'|[^'">])*>/.test(str);
    default:
      return true;
  }
}

37.严格的身份证校验

export const isCardID = (sId) => {
  if (!/(^\d{15}$)|(^\d{17}(\d|X|x)$)/.test(sId)) {
    console.log('你输入的身份证长度或格式错误')
    return false
  }
  //身份证城市
  var aCity = { 11: "北京", 12: "天津", 13: "河北", 14: "山西", 15: "内蒙古", 21: "辽宁", 22: "吉林", 23: "黑龙江", 31: "上海", 32: "江苏", 33: "浙江", 34: "安徽", 35: "福建", 36: "江西", 37: "山东", 41: "河南", 42: "湖北", 43: "湖南", 44: "广东", 45: "广西", 46: "海南", 50: "重庆", 51: "四川", 52: "贵州", 53: "云南", 54: "西藏", 61: "陕西", 62: "甘肃", 63: "青海", 64: "宁夏", 65: "新疆", 71: "台湾", 81: "香港", 82: "澳门", 91: "国外" };
  if (!aCity[parseInt(sId.substr(0, 2))]) {
    console.log('你的身份证地区非法')
    return false
  }

  // 出生日期验证
  var sBirthday = (sId.substr(6, 4) + "-" + Number(sId.substr(10, 2)) + "-" + Number(sId.substr(12, 2))).replace(/-/g, "/"),
    d = new Date(sBirthday)
  if (sBirthday != (d.getFullYear() + "/" + (d.getMonth() + 1) + "/" + d.getDate())) {
    console.log('身份证上的出生日期非法')
    return false
  }

  // 身份证号码校验
  var sum = 0,
    weights = [7, 9, 10, 5, 8, 4, 2, 1, 6, 3, 7, 9, 10, 5, 8, 4, 2],
    codes = "10X98765432"
  for (var i = 0; i < sId.length - 1; i++) {
    sum += sId[i] * weights[i];
  }
  var last = codes[sum % 11]; //计算出来的最后一位身份证号码
  if (sId[sId.length - 1] != last) {
    console.log('你输入的身份证号非法')
    return false
  }

  return true
}

38.随机数范围

export const random = (min, max) => {
  if (arguments.length === 2) {
    return Math.floor(min + Math.random() * ((max + 1) - min))
  } else {
    return null;
  }
}

39.将阿拉伯数字翻译成中文的大写数字

export const numberToChinese = (num) => {
  var AA = new Array("零", "一", "二", "三", "四", "五", "六", "七", "八", "九", "十");
  var BB = new Array("", "十", "百", "仟", "萬", "億", "点", "");
  var a = ("" + num).replace(/(^0*)/g, "").split("."),
    k = 0,
    re = "";
  for (var i = a[0].length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
    switch (k) {
      case 0:
        re = BB[7] + re;
        break;
      case 4:
        if (!new RegExp("0{4}//d{" + (a[0].length - i - 1) + "}$")
          .test(a[0]))
          re = BB[4] + re;
        break;
      case 8:
        re = BB[5] + re;
        BB[7] = BB[5];
        k = 0;
        break;
    }
    if (k % 4 == 2 && a[0].charAt(i + 2) != 0 && a[0].charAt(i + 1) == 0)
      re = AA[0] + re;
    if (a[0].charAt(i) != 0)
      re = AA[a[0].charAt(i)] + BB[k % 4] + re;
    k++;
  }

  if (a.length > 1) // 加上小数部分(如果有小数部分)
  {
    re += BB[6];
    for (var i = 0; i < a[1].length; i++)
      re += AA[a[1].charAt(i)];
  }
  if (re == '一十')
    re = "十";
  if (re.match(/^一/) && re.length == 3)
    re = re.replace("一", "");
  return re;
}

40.将数字转换为大写金额

export const changeToChinese = (Num) => {
  //判断如果传递进来的不是字符的话转换为字符
  if (typeof Num == "number") {
    Num = new String(Num);
  };
  Num = Num.replace(/,/g, "") //替换tomoney()中的“,”
  Num = Num.replace(/ /g, "") //替换tomoney()中的空格
  Num = Num.replace(/¥/g, "") //替换掉可能出现的¥字符
  if (isNaN(Num)) { //验证输入的字符是否为数字
    //alert("请检查小写金额是否正确");
    return "";
  };
  //字符处理完毕后开始转换,采用前后两部分分别转换
  var part = String(Num).split(".");
  var newchar = "";
  //小数点前进行转化
  for (var i = part[0].length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
    if (part[0].length > 10) {
      return "";
      //若数量超过拾亿单位,提示
    }
    var tmpnewchar = ""
    var perchar = part[0].charAt(i);
    switch (perchar) {
      case "0":
        tmpnewchar = "零" + tmpnewchar;
        break;
      case "1":
        tmpnewchar = "壹" + tmpnewchar;
        break;
      case "2":
        tmpnewchar = "贰" + tmpnewchar;
        break;
      case "3":
        tmpnewchar = "叁" + tmpnewchar;
        break;
      case "4":
        tmpnewchar = "肆" + tmpnewchar;
        break;
      case "5":
        tmpnewchar = "伍" + tmpnewchar;
        break;
      case "6":
        tmpnewchar = "陆" + tmpnewchar;
        break;
      case "7":
        tmpnewchar = "柒" + tmpnewchar;
        break;
      case "8":
        tmpnewchar = "捌" + tmpnewchar;
        break;
      case "9":
        tmpnewchar = "玖" + tmpnewchar;
        break;
    }
    switch (part[0].length - i - 1) {
      case 0:
        tmpnewchar = tmpnewchar + "元";
        break;
      case 1:
        if (perchar != 0) tmpnewchar = tmpnewchar + "拾";
        break;
      case 2:
        if (perchar != 0) tmpnewchar = tmpnewchar + "佰";
        break;
      case 3:
        if (perchar != 0) tmpnewchar = tmpnewchar + "仟";
        break;
      case 4:
        tmpnewchar = tmpnewchar + "万";
        break;
      case 5:
        if (perchar != 0) tmpnewchar = tmpnewchar + "拾";
        break;
      case 6:
        if (perchar != 0) tmpnewchar = tmpnewchar + "佰";
        break;
      case 7:
        if (perchar != 0) tmpnewchar = tmpnewchar + "仟";
        break;
      case 8:
        tmpnewchar = tmpnewchar + "亿";
        break;
      case 9:
        tmpnewchar = tmpnewchar + "拾";
        break;
    }
    var newchar = tmpnewchar + newchar;
  }
  //小数点之后进行转化
  if (Num.indexOf(".") != -1) {
    if (part[1].length > 2) {
      // alert("小数点之后只能保留两位,系统将自动截断");
      part[1] = part[1].substr(0, 2)
    }
    for (i = 0; i < part[1].length; i++) {
      tmpnewchar = ""
      perchar = part[1].charAt(i)
      switch (perchar) {
        case "0":
          tmpnewchar = "零" + tmpnewchar;
          break;
        case "1":
          tmpnewchar = "壹" + tmpnewchar;
          break;
        case "2":
          tmpnewchar = "贰" + tmpnewchar;
          break;
        case "3":
          tmpnewchar = "叁" + tmpnewchar;
          break;
        case "4":
          tmpnewchar = "肆" + tmpnewchar;
          break;
        case "5":
          tmpnewchar = "伍" + tmpnewchar;
          break;
        case "6":
          tmpnewchar = "陆" + tmpnewchar;
          break;
        case "7":
          tmpnewchar = "柒" + tmpnewchar;
          break;
        case "8":
          tmpnewchar = "捌" + tmpnewchar;
          break;
        case "9":
          tmpnewchar = "玖" + tmpnewchar;
          break;
      }
      if (i == 0) tmpnewchar = tmpnewchar + "角";
      if (i == 1) tmpnewchar = tmpnewchar + "分";
      newchar = newchar + tmpnewchar;
    }
  }
  //替换所有无用汉字
  while (newchar.search("零零") != -1)
    newchar = newchar.replace("零零", "零");
  newchar = newchar.replace("零亿", "亿");
  newchar = newchar.replace("亿万", "亿");
  newchar = newchar.replace("零万", "万");
  newchar = newchar.replace("零元", "元");
  newchar = newchar.replace("零角", "");
  newchar = newchar.replace("零分", "");
  if (newchar.charAt(newchar.length - 1) == "元") {
    newchar = newchar + "整"
  }
  return newchar;
}

41.判断一个元素是否在数组中

export const contains = (arr, val) => {
    return arr.indexOf(val) != -1 ? true : false;
}

42.数组排序, {type} 1:从小到大 2:从大到小 3:随机

export const sort = (arr, type = 1) => {
  return arr.sort((a, b) => {
    switch (type) {
    case 1:
      return a - b;
    case 2:
      return b - a;
    case 3:
      return Math.random() - 0.5;
    default:
      return arr;
    }
  })
}

43.数组去重

export const unique = (arr) => {
  if (Array.hasOwnProperty('from')) {
    return Array.from(new Set(arr));
  } else {
    var n = {}, r = [];
    for (var i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) {
      if (!n[arr[i]]) {
        n[arr[i]] = true;
        r.push(arr[i]);
      }
    }
    return r;
  }
}

44.求两个集合的并集

export const union = (a, b) => {
  var newArr = a.concat(b);
  return this.unique(newArr); // 见43
}

45.求两个集合的交集

export const intersect = (a, b) => {
  var _this = this;
  a = this.unique(a);
  return this.map(a, function (o) {
    return _this.contains(b, o) ? o : null; // contains方法见41
  });
}

46.删除数组指定元素

export const remove = (arr, ele) => {
  var index = arr.indexOf(ele);
  if (index > -1) {
    arr.splice(index, 1);
  }
  return arr;
}

47.将类数组转换为数组

export const formArray = (ary) => {
  var arr = [];
  if (Array.isArray(ary)) {
    arr = ary;
  } else {
    arr = Array.prototype.slice.call(ary);
  };
  return arr;
}

48.找出数组最大值

export const max = (arr) => {
  return Math.max.apply(null, arr);
}

49.找出数组最小值

export const min = (arr) => {
    return Math.min.apply(null, arr);
}

50.数组求和

export const sum = (arr) => {
    return arr.reduce((pre, cur) => {
        return pre + cur
    })
}

51.数组平均数

export const average = (arr) => {
    return this.sum(arr) / arr.length
}

52.去除空格,type: 1-所有空格 2-前后空格 3-前空格 4-后空格

export const trim = (str, type) => {
  type = type || 1
  switch (type) {
    case 1:
      return str.replace(/\s+/g, "");
    case 2:
      return str.replace(/(^\s*)|(\s*$)/g, "");
    case 3:
      return str.replace(/(^\s*)/g, "");
    case 4:
      return str.replace(/(\s*$)/g, "");
    default:
      return str;
  }
}

53.字符转换,type: 1:首字母大写 2:首字母小写 3:大小写转换 4:全部大写 5:全部小写

export const changeCase = (str, type) => {
  type = type || 4
  switch (type) {
    case 1:
      return str.replace(/\b\w+\b/g, function (word) {
        return word.substring(0, 1).toUpperCase() + word.substring(1).toLowerCase();

      });
    case 2:
      return str.replace(/\b\w+\b/g, function (word) {
        return word.substring(0, 1).toLowerCase() + word.substring(1).toUpperCase();
      });
    case 3:
      return str.split('').map(function (word) {
        if (/[a-z]/.test(word)) {
          return word.toUpperCase();
        } else {
          return word.toLowerCase()
        }
      }).join('')
    case 4:
      return str.toUpperCase();
    case 5:
      return str.toLowerCase();
    default:
      return str;
  }
}

54.检测密码强度

export const checkPwd = (str) => {
  var Lv = 0;
  if (str.length < 6) {
    return Lv
  }
  if (/[0-9]/.test(str)) {
    Lv++
  }
  if (/[a-z]/.test(str)) {
    Lv++
  }
  if (/[A-Z]/.test(str)) {
    Lv++
  }
  if (/[\.|-|_]/.test(str)) {
    Lv++
  }
  return Lv;
}

55.函数节流器

export const debouncer = (fn, time, interval = 200) => {
  if (time - (window.debounceTimestamp || 0) > interval) {
    fn && fn();
    window.debounceTimestamp = time;
  }
}

56.在字符串中插入新字符串

export const insertStr = (soure, index, newStr) => {
  var str = soure.slice(0, index) + newStr + soure.slice(index);
  return str;
}

57.判断两个对象是否键值相同

export const isObjectEqual = (a, b) => {
  var aProps = Object.getOwnPropertyNames(a);
  var bProps = Object.getOwnPropertyNames(b);

  if (aProps.length !== bProps.length) {
    return false;
  }

  for (var i = 0; i < aProps.length; i++) {
    var propName = aProps[i];

    if (a[propName] !== b[propName]) {
      return false;
    }
  }
  return true;
}

58.16进制颜色转RGBRGBA字符串

export const colorToRGB = (val, opa) => {

  var pattern = /^(#?)[a-fA-F0-9]{6}$/; //16进制颜色值校验规则
  var isOpa = typeof opa == 'number'; //判断是否有设置不透明度

  if (!pattern.test(val)) { //如果值不符合规则返回空字符
    return '';
  }

  var v = val.replace(/#/, ''); //如果有#号先去除#号
  var rgbArr = [];
  var rgbStr = '';

  for (var i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
    var item = v.substring(i * 2, i * 2 + 2);
    var num = parseInt(item, 16);
    rgbArr.push(num);
  }

  rgbStr = rgbArr.join();
  rgbStr = 'rgb' + (isOpa ? 'a' : '') + '(' + rgbStr + (isOpa ? ',' + opa : '') + ')';
  return rgbStr;
}

59.追加url参数

export const appendQuery = (url, key, value) => {
  var options = key;
  if (typeof options == 'string') {
    options = {};
    options[key] = value;
  }
  options = $.param(options);
  if (url.includes('?')) {
    url += '&' + options
  } else {
    url += '?' + options
  }
  return url;
}
本文作者:tangyuxian
本文链接:https://www.tangyuxian.com/2021/04/08/%E5%89%8D%E7%AB%AF/JavaScript/js-%E5%B8%B8%E7%94%A8%E7%9A%84js%E5%B7%A5%E5%85%B7%E5%87%BD%E6%95%B0/
版权声明:本文采用 CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 CN 协议进行许可